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Agosti D, Moog J, Maschwitz U (1999) Revision of the Oriental plant-ant genus Cladomyrma. American Museum Novitates 3283:1-24

Attygalle AB, Siegel B, Vostrowsky O, Bestmann HJ, Maschwitz U (1989) Chemical composition and function of metapleural gland secretion of the ant, Crematogaster deformis Smith (Hymenoptera: Myrmicinae). J. Chem. Ecol. 15:317-328

Berghoff SM, Weissflog A, Linsenmair KE, Mohamed M, Maschwitz U (2002) Nesting habits and colony composition of the hypogaeic army ant Dorylus (Dichthadia) laevigatus Fr. Smith. Insectes Soc. 49 (4):380-387

Berghoff SM, Weissflog A, Linsenmair KE, Hashim R, Maschwitz U (2002) Foraging of a hypogaeic army ant: a long neglected majority. Insectes Soc. 49 (2):133-141

Berghoff SM, Gadau J, Winter T, Linsenmair KE, Maschwitz U (2003) Sociobiology of hypogaeic army ants: characterization of two sympatric Dorylus species on Borneo and their colony conflicts. Insectes Soc. 50 (2):139-147

Berghoff SM, Maschwitz U, Linsenmair KE (2003) Influence of the hypogaeic army ant Dorylus (Dichthadia) laevigatus on tropical arthropod communities. Oecologia 135:149-157

Berghoff SM, Maschwitz U, Linsenmair KE (2003) Hypogaeic and epigaeic ant diversity on Borneo: Evaluation of baited sieve buckets as a study method. Tropical Zoology 16:153-163 [2,675 KB]

Bickel T, Watanasit S (2005) Diversity of leaf litter ant communities in Ton Nga Chang Wildlife Sanctuary and nearby rubber plantations, Songkhla, Southern Thailand. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 27(5):943-955

Blattner FR, Weising K, Bänfer G, Maschwitz U, Fiala B (2001) Molecular analysis of phylogenetic relationships among myrmecophytic Macaranga species (Euphorbiaceae). Mol. Phyl. Evol. 19 (3):331-344

Blüthgen Nico - Publications (PDFs)

Bolton B (2007) How to conduct large-scale taxonomic revisions in Formicidae. In Snelling, R. R., B. L. Fisher, and P. S. Ward (eds) Advances In Ant Systematics (Hymenoptera: Formicidae): Homage To E. O. Wilson - 50 Years Of Contributions. Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute, 80

Brühl CA (2001) Leaf litter ant communities in tropical lowland rain forests in Sabah, Malaysia: effects of forest disturbance and fragmentation. PhD-thesis Julius-Maximilians-Universität, Würzburg, p 160 pp. [4,774 KB]

Brühl CA, Eltz T, Linsenmair KE (2003) Size does matter: Effects of tropical rainforest fragmentation on the leaf litter ant community in Sabah, Malaysia. Biodiversity & Conservation 12:1371-1389

Brühl CA, Gunsalam G, Linsenmair KE (1998) Stratification of ants (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in a primary rain forest in Sabah, Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ecology 14:285-297

Brühl CA, Mohamed M, Linsenmair KE (1999) Altitudinal distribution of leaf litter ants along a transect in primary forests on Mount Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Tropical Ecology 15:265-277

Dill M, Maschwitz U (1998) The Nomadic Herdsman of Kinabalu Park: A Unique Lifestyle in Ants. Sabah Parks Nature Journal 1, 61-67

Domisch T, Finer L, Ohashi M, Risch AC, Sundstrom L, Niemela P, Jurgensen MF (2006) "Contribution of red wood ant mounds to forest floor CO2 efflux in boreal coniferous forests." Soil Biology & Biochemistry 38(8): 2425-2433.

Dumpert K, Maschwitz U, Weissflog A, Rosciszewski K, Azarae IH (1995) Six new weaver ant species from Malaysia: Camponotus (Karavaievia) striatipes, C. (K.) melanus, C. (K.) nigripes, C. (K.) belumensis, C. (K.) gentingensis, and C. (K.) micragyne. Malaysian J. Science 16 (2), Series A:87-105

Eguchi K, Bui TV (2007) Parvimyrma gen. nov. belonging to the Solenopsis genus group from Vietnam (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Myrmicinae: Solenopsidini) Zootaxa 1461: 39-47.

Eguchi, Katsuyuki Publications on the taxonomy of Bornean Pheidole species (PDFs)

Federle W, Maschwitz U, Fiala B, Riederer M, Hölldobler B (1997) Slippery ant-plants and skilful climbers: selection and protection of specific ant partners by epicuticular wax blooms in Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae). Oecologia 112:217-224

Federle W, Maschwitz U, Fiala B (1998) The two-partner ant-plant system of Camponotus (Colobopsis) sp.1 and Macaranga puncticulata (Euphorbiaceae): Natural history of the exceptional ant partner. Insectes Soc. 45 (1):1-16

Federle W, Fiala B, Zizka G, Maschwitz U (2001) Incident daylight as orientation cue for hole-boring ants: prostomata in Macaranga ant-plants. Insectes Soc. 48 (2):165-177

Federle W, Maschwitz U, Hölldobler B (2002) Pruning of host plant neighbours as defence against enemy ant invasions: Crematogaster ant partners of Macaranga protected by "wax barriers" prune less than their congeners. Oecologia 132:264-270

Feldhaar H, Fiala B, Gadau J, Maryati M, Maschwitz U (2003) Molecular phylogeny of Crematogaster subgenus Decacrema ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and the colonization of Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) trees. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 27 (3):441-452

Feldhaar H, Fiala B, Hashim RB, Maschwitz U (2003) Patterns of the Crematogaster-Macaranga association: The ant partner makes the difference. Insectes Sociaux-Social Insects 50:9-19

Feldhaar H, Fiala B, Gadau J (2005) A shift in colony founding behaviour in the obligate plant-ant Crematogaster (Decacrema) morphospecies 2. Insectes Sociaux-Social Insects 52:222-230

Fiedler K (2001) Ants that associate with Lycaeninae butterfly larvae: diversity, ecology and biogeography. Diversity and Distributions 7: 45-60

Fiedler K, Seufert P, Pierce N. E., Pearson J G, Baumgarten H-T (1992) Exploitation of lycaenid-ant mutualisms by braconid parasitoids. Journal of Research on the Lepidoptera 31: 153-168

Floren A, Freking A, Biehl M, Linsenmair KE (2001) Anthropogenic disturbance changes the structure of arboreal tropical ant communities. Ecography 24:547-554

Floren A, Linsenmair KE (2000) Do ant mosaics exist in pristine lowland rain forests? Oecologia (Berlin) 123:129-137,

Floren A, Biun A, Linsenmair KE (2002) Arboreal ants as key predators in tropical lowland rainforest trees. Oecologia 131:137-144

Floren A (2005) The importance of primary tropical rainforest for species diversity: an investigation using arboreal ants as an example. Ecosystems 8:559-567

Floren A, Linsenmair KE (2005) How reliable are data on arboreal ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) communities collected by insecticidal fogging? Myrmecologische Nachrichten 7:91-94

Gobin B, Peeters C, Billen J, Morgan E D (1998) Interspecific Trail Following and Commensalism Between the Ponerinae Ant Gnamptogenys menadensis and the Formicine Ant Polyrhachis rufipes. Journal of Insect Behavior 11:361-369

Hashimoto Y, Yamane S, Itioka T (1997) A Preliminary Study on Dietary Habits of Ants in a Bornean Rain Forest. Japanese Journal of Entomology 65:688-695

Hashimoto Y, Yamane S, Mohamed M(2001) How to design an inventory method for ground-level ants in tropical forests. Nature and Human Activities 6:25-30

Heckroth H-P, Fiala B, Malsch AKF, Rosli BH, Maschwitz U (2004) Limits of protection against non-specific scale insects (Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea) in myrmecophytic and non-myrmecophytic species of Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae). Entomologia Generalis 27:1-13

Heckroth H-P, Moog J, Janka HI, Fiala B, Chung AYC, Maschwitz U (2004) Smilax borneensis (Smilacaceae), an unspecific climbing ant-plant from Borneo and myrmecophytic traits in other Asiatic Smilax species. Sandakania 14:33-50

Heil Martin - Publications on Macaranga Ant-Plant-Interactions (PDFs)

Ho C T (1994) Methods Towards Efficient Establishment of Introduced Black Cocoa Ant, Dolichoderus thoracicus for Natural Control of Helopeltis theivora Damage in Cocoa. The Planter, Kuala Lumpur 70: 487-495

Ho C T, Khoo K C (1997) Partners in biological control of cocoa pests: Mutualism between Dolichoderus thoracicus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Cataenococcus hispidus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Bulletin of Entomological Research 87(5): 461-470.

Janssen E et al. (1997) Trail pheromone of the ponerine ant Leptogenys peuqueti (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). A multicomponent mixture of related compounds pheromones 104. Naturwissenschaften 84 (3):122-125

Johnson C, Agosti D, Delabie JHC, Dumpert K, Williams DJ, Tschirnhaus M, von, Maschwitz U (2001) Acropyga and Azteca ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) with scale insects (Sternorrhyncha: Coccoidea): 20 million years of intimate symbiosis. American Museum Novitates 3335:1-18

Kaufmann E, Weissflog A, Hashim R, Maschwitz U (2001) Ant-gardens on the giant bamboo Gigantochloa scortechinii (Poaceae) in West-Malaysia. Insectes Soc. 48 (2):125-133

Kaufmann E, Malsch AKF, Erle M, Maschwitz U (2003) Compound nesting of Strumigenys sp. (Myrmicinae) and Diacamma sp. (Ponerinae), and other nesting symbioses of myrmicine and ponerine ants in Southeast Asia. Insectes Soc. 50 (1):88-97

Kaufmann E (2002) Southeast Asian ant-gardens. Diversity, ecology, ecosystematic significance, and evolution of mutualistic ant-epiphyte associations. PhD-Thesis Dept. of Zoology. Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, p 203 [26,050 KB]

Khoo K C, Ho C T (1992) The influence of Dolichoderus thoracicus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) on losses due to Helopeltis theivora (Heteroptera: Miridae), black pod disease, and mammalian pests in cocoa in Malaysia." Bulletin of Entomological Research 82(4): 485-491.

Koella JC, Offenberg J (1999) Food availability and parasite infection influence the correlated responses of life history traits to selection for age at pupation in the mosquito Aedes aegypti. Journal of Evolutionary Biology 12:760-769

Liefke C, Dorow WHO, Hölldobler B, Maschwitz U (1998) Nesting and food resources of syntopic species of the ant genus Polyrhachis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) in West-Malaysia. Insectes Soc. 45:411-425

Liefke C, Hölldobler B, Maschwitz U (2001) Recruitment behavior in the ant genus Polyrhachis (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). J. Insect Behav. 14 (5):637-657

Malsch AKF, Kaufmann E, Heckroth H-P, Williams DJ, Maryati M, Maschwitz U (2001) Continuous transfer of subterranean mealybugs (Hemiptera, Pseudococcidae) by Pseudolasius spp. (Hymenoptera, Formicidae) during colony fission? Insectes Soc. 48 (4):333-341

Malsch AKF (2002) Kausale Faktoren für die Abnahme der Artenvielfalt von Ameisen: Untersuchung entlang eines Höhengradienten am Mt. Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia. In: Dept. of Zoology. Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany [4,666 KB]

Maschwitz U, Dorow WHO, Buschinger A, Kalytta G (2000) Social parasitism involving ants of different subfamilies: Polyrhachis lama (Formicinae) an obligatory inquiline of Diacamma sp. (Ponerinae) in Java. Insectes Soc. 47:27–35

Maschwitz U, Fiala B, Dumpert K (2004) An unusual myrmecophytic Macaranga association, occuring in a disjunct area in the monsoon zone of south-east Asia: phenology and the description of a new ant species. Ecotropica 10 (1):33-49

Maschwitz U, Go C, Dorow WHO, Buschinger A, Kohout RJ (2003) Polyrhachis loweryi (Formicinae): A guest ant parasitizing Rhytidoponera sp. (Ponerinae) in Queensland, Australia. Insectes Soc. 50 (1):69-76

Maschwitz U, Go C, Kaufmann E, Buschinger A (2004) A unique strategy of host colony exploitation in a parasitic ant: workers of Polyrhachis lama rear their brood in neighbouring host nests. Naturwissenschaften 91 (1):40-43

Maschwitz U, Moog J (2000) Communal peeing: a new mode of flood control in ants. Naturwissenschaften 87 (12):563-565

Maschwitz U, Steghaus-Kovac S, Gaube R, Hänel H (1989) A South East Asian ponerine ant of the genus Leptogenys (Hym., Form.) with army ant life habits. Behav. Ecol. & Sociobiol. 24:305-316

Megens H-J, De Jong R, Fiedler K (2005) Phylogenetic patterns in larval host plant and ant association of Indo-Australian Arhopalini butterflies (Lycaenidae: Theclinae). Biological Journal of the Linnean Society 85: 225-241

Moffett Mark W - Publications (PDFs)

Moog J, Drude T and Maschwitz U (1997) Flood control by ants: water-bailing in the Southeast Asian Plant-Ant Genus Cladomyrma Wheeler (Formicidae, Formicinae). Naturwissenschaften 84: 242-245.

Moog J, Fiala B, Werner M, Weissflog A, Guan S L and Maschwitz U (2003) Ant-plant diversity in Peninsular Malaysia, with special reference to the Pasoh Forest Reserve. In: Okuda, T. Manokaran, N. Matsumoto, Y. , Niiyama, K., Thomas, S. C., Ashton, P. S. (Eds.) Pasoh: Ecology of a lowland rain forest of Southeast Asia 2003. 459-494. , Springer-Verlag Tokyo, New York.

Moog J, Saw L G, Hashim R, and Maschwitz U (2005) A triple alliance: how a plant-ant, living in an ant-plant, acquires the third partner, a scale insect. Insectes Soc. 52 (2): 169-176.

Moog J, Fiala B, Maschwitz U (2002) Thrips pollination in the dioecious pioneer tree genus Macaranga (Euphorbiaceae) in SE Asia American Journal Botany 89 (1) 50-59

Offenberg, J. (2000) Correlated evolution of the association between aphids and ants and the association between aphids and plants with extrafloral nectaries. Oikos 91(1): 146-152

Offenberg J (2001) Balancing between mutualism and exploitation: The symbiotic interaction between Lasius ants and aphids. Behavioral Ecology & Sociobiology 49(4): 304-310

Offenberg J (2007) The distribution of weaver ant pheromones on host trees. Insectes Sociaux 54:248-250

Offenberg J, Gissel Nielsen M, Macintosh DJ, Aksornkoae S, Havanon S (2006) Weaver ants increase premature loss of leaves used for nest construction in rhizophora trees. Biotropica 38(6): 782-785

Offenberg J, Havanon S, Aksornkoae S, Macintosh DJ, Nielsen MG (2004) Observations on the ecology of weaver ants (Oecophylla smaragdina Fabricius) in a Thai mangrove ecosystem and their effect on herbivory of Rhizophora mucronata Lam. Biotropica 36:344-351

Offenberg J, Macintosh DJ, Gissel Nielsen M (2006) Indirect ant-protection against crab herbivory: damage-induced susceptibility to crab grazing may lead to its reduction on ant-colonized trees. Functional Ecology 20:52-57

Offenberg J, Nielsen MG, Macintosh DJ, Havanon S, Aksornkoae S (2004) Evidence that insect herbivores are deterred by ant pheromones. Proceedings of the Royal Society Biological Sciences Series B 271:S433-S435

Offenberg J, Nielsen MG, Macintosh DJ, Havanon S, Aksornkoae S (2005) Lack of ant attendance may induce compensatory plant growth. Oikos 111:170-178

Ohashi M, Finer L, Domisch T, Risch AC, Jurgensen MF (2005) CO2 efflux from a red wood ant mound in a boreal forest. Agricultural & Forest Meteorology 130(1-2): 131-136.

Ohashi M, Kilpelainen J, Finer L, Risch AC, Domisch T, Neuvonen S, Niemela P (2007) The effect of red wood ant (Formica rufa group) mounds on root biomass, density, and nutrient concentrations in boreal managed forests. Journal of Forest Research 12(2): 113-119

Ohashi M, Kume T, Yamane S, Suzuki M (2007) Hot Spots of soil respiration in an Asian tropical rainforest. Geophysical Research Letters 34

Orr A G, Charles J K, Yahya H R H & Sharbini, N H Nesting and colony structure in the giant forest ant, Camponotus gigas (Latreille) (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Pp. 247-251. [760kb]

Peeters C, Liebig J, Hölldobler B (2000) Sexual reproduction by both queens and workers in the ponerinae ant Harpegnathos saltator. Insectes soc. 47:325-332

Pfeiffer M, Chimedregzen L, Ulykpan K (2003) Community organization and species richness of ants (Hymenoptera/Formicidae) in Mongolia along an ecological gradient from steppe to Gobi desert. Journal of Biogeography 30:1921-1935

Pfeiffer M, Ho CT, Teh CL (2007) Exploring arboreal ant community composition and co-occurence patterns in plantations of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) in Borneo and Peninsular Malaysia. In Press

Pfeiffer M, Linsenmair KE (1997). “Reproductive synchronization in the tropics: the circa-semiannual rhythm in the nuptial flight of the giant ant Camponotus gigas Latreille (Hym./Form.).” Ecotropica 3: 21-32

Pfeiffer M, Linsenmair KE (1998). “Polydomy and the organization of foraging in a colony of the Malaysian giant ant Camponotus gigas (Hym./Form.).” Oecologia 117: 579-590

Pfeiffer M, Linsenmair KE (2000). “Contributions to the life history of the Malaysian giant ant Camponotus gigas (Hymenoptera / Formicidae).” Insectes Sociaux 47(2): 123-132

Pfeiffer M, Linsenmair KE (2001). “Territoriality of the Malaysian giant ant Camponotus gigas (Hym. /Form.).” J. Ethology, 19: 75-85

Pfeiffer M, Linsenmair KE (2007) Trophobiosis in a tropical rainforest on Borneo: Giant ants Camponotus gigas (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) herd wax cicadas Bythopsyrna circulata (Auchenorrhyncha: Flatidae). Asian Myrmecology 1: 105-119

Pfeiffer M, Nais J, Linsenmair KE (2004) Myrmecochory in the Zingiberaceae: Seed dispersal of Globba franciscii and G. propinqua by ants (Hymenoptera - Formicidae) in rain forests on Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ecology 20:705-708

Pfeiffer M, Nais J, Linsenmair KE (2006) Worker size and seed size selection in ‘seed’-collecting ant ensembles (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in primary rain forests on Borneo. Journal of Tropical Ecology 22:685-693

Pfeiffer M, Schultz R, Radchenko A, Yamane S, Woyciechowski M, Ulypkan A, Seifert B (2006) A critical checklist of the Ants of Mongolia (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Bonner Zoologische Beiträge 55(1): 1-8

Schellerich-Kaaden A (2001) Ameisengemeinschaften südostasiatischer Baumbambusse: Bestandsaufnahme der Artendiversität, Ressourcennutzung und Besiedlungsdynamik. PhD-thesis Dept. of Zoology. Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, [4,469 KB]

Schultz R, Buschinger A (2006) First Asian record of the parasitic ant, Leptothorax goesswaldi KUTTER, 1967 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 9: 33-34

Schultz R, Radchenko A, Seifert B (2006) A critical checklist of the ants of Kyrgyzstan (Hymenoptera: Formicidae). Myrmecologische Nachrichten 8: 201-207

Schultz R, Seifert B (2005) Lasius neglectus (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) - a widely distributed tramp species in Central Asia. Myrmecologische Nachrichten 7: 47-50

Schultz R, Seifert B (2007) The distribution of the subgenus Coptoformica MÜLLER, 1923 (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in the Palaearctic Region. Myrmecological News 10: 11-18

Waldkircher G, Maschwitz U (2003) Nest building behavior of the South East Asian weaver ant Camponotus (Karavaievia) texens (Formicidae: Formicinae). Sociobiology 41 (2):383-402

Waldkircher G, Webb M D & Maschwitz U (2004) Description of a new shieldbug (Heteroptera: Plataspidae) and its close association with a species of ant (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in Southeast Asia. Tijdschrift voor Entomologie 147: 21-28.

Watanasit S, Noon-anant N, Binnima N (2005) Preliminary survey of ants at a reserve area of Prince of Songkla University, Songklha Province, Southern Thailand. Songklanakarin J. Sci. Technol. 27(1):39-46

Weissflog A (2001) Freinestbau von Ameisen (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) in der Kronenregion feuchttropischer Wälder Südostasiens: Bestandsaufnahme und Phänologie, Ethoökologie und funktionelle Analyse des Nestbaus. PhD-thesis Dept. of Zoology. Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, p 268 [3,883 KB]

Weissflog A, Sternheim E, Dorow WHO, Berghoff S, Maschwitz U (2000) How to study subterranean army ants: a novel method for locating and monitoring field populations of the South East Asian army ant Dorylus (Dichthadia) laevigatus Smith, 1857 (Formicidae, Dorylinae) with observations on their ecology. Insectes Soc. 47 (4):317-324

Widodo E S, Naito T, Mohamed M, Hashimoto Y (2004) Effects of selective logging on the aboreal ants of a Bornean rainforest. Entomological Science 7: 341-349

Witte V (2003) Organisation und Steuerung des Treiberameisenverhaltens bei südostasiatischen Ponerinen der Gattung Leptogenys. PhD-thesis Dept. of Zoology. Johann Wolfgang Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main, Germany, p 239 [8,170 KB]

Witte V, Janssen R, Eppenstein A, Maschwitz U (2002) Allopeas myrmekophilos (Gastropoda, Pulmonata), the first myrmecophilous mollusc living in colonies of the ponerine army ant Leptogenys distinguenda (Formicidae, Ponerinae). Insectes Soc. 49 (4):301-305

Witte V, Maschwitz U (2000) Raiding and emigration dynamics in the ponerine army ant Leptogenys distinguenda (Hymenoptera, Formicidae). Insectes Soc. 47:76–83

Witte V, Maschwitz U (2002) Coordination of raiding and emigration in the ponerine army ant Leptogenys distinguenda (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae): a signal analysis. J. Insect Behav. 15 (2):195-217

Yamane S, Itino T & Nona A R Ground ant fauna in a Bornean dipterocarp forest.The Raffles Bulletin of Zoology Pp. 253-262. [701kb]


Part of the official homepage of Prof. em. Dr. U. Maschwitz, University of Frankfurt, with additional references.